Before the Gun Control Act of 1968, Serial Numbers were used by professional gun manufacturers to create a system of organization for interchangeable parts. The use of serial numbers has also helped collectors and historians alike appraise antique firearms. However serial numbers are now legally mandatory for every purchased firearm.
And this act has taken away much of the individuality and identity that was expressed in these numbers before. However, with the rise of the 80 lower, firearms have taken back a majority of their identities in an industry that has been ridiculed in social media and politics for ages.
Here is why the AR has become so popular in today’s society.
Hopefully with our little history recap, we gave you some idea on one of the key points that perpetuates the AR’s popularity, specifically with 80 Lowers. While serial numbers are mandatory for any AR that is purchased, they are not mandatory for 80 lower builds, whose buyers have build them individually.
Since these 80 lowers do not require serial numbers, they also do not need to be registered. This takes away a lot of the hassle that comes with buying a firearm, but does give way to a new obstacle in having to build the rifle from scratch, and buying all of the parts.
It’s Your Creation
When building an AR 80 lower, you are in control. This the main reason ARs have become popular. There are virtually no regulations on these firearms, besides the ethical and the moral. And for law abiding sportsman, hunters, and DIYers, the AR 15 80 lower build is they way to go.
80 lower builds gained popularity in the firearm world primarily because they were a way to get rifles and pistols without the need for registration. Buyers can order them online and complete their 80 lowers with many different tiers of tools. But for those who have just come into the 80 lower build scene, understanding why and when an 80 lower does not need a serial can be a fuzzy area. So here we are to clear up some of the fog about serial number’s and other regulations in relation to 80 lowers.
ATF and NFA
The Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) is the federal power that regulates firearms. According to ATF, the part of the rifle which controls shooting, or the fire control group, must be under 80% complete to not be considered a firearm. This gives birth to the name 80% lower, as the fire control group is in the lower receiver of the AR-15.
If the receiver is under 80% complete, then it cannot be under regulation under the ATF, meaning no serial numbers are required.
However, some states, like California and New Jersey have tried to crack down on 80% lowers. The Dept. of Justice of California has issued AB 857, a law that forces legal gun owners to register any lawfully unserialized firearm with a state issued serial number.
The best way to be sure about whether your rights are protected in the state you are in, is to research and take actions with a legal attorney.
The National Firearms Act prevents unserialized firearms from containing destructive or explosive ammo. If the firearm is fully automatic, the firearm must also be serialized.
Purchasing an 80 lower is all fine and good if you intend to keep it. However, if you plan to sell your 80 lower built firearm to someone else, you could be in violation of the law. 80 lowers are strictly prohibited from being bought with intent to sell. In a court, it is usually harder to justify selling or exchanging these firearms.
However, if you do wish to sell your rifle, or any rifle for that matter, do so with an attorney, and make sure it is registered. Any firearm that is made to sell must be registered according to the law.
Hopefully this gave some insight into the nature of serialization and registration in relation to 80 lower firearms. We at Thunder Tactical understand the importance of protecting individual rights.
We are dedicated to providing our customers, and all who fight fight to preserve their rights, with parts, guides, and information to help them in all their endeavors. And what trouble is there if you’re having fun doing it? Visit our website for more information, and premium store for the best parts around!